HPA announces a new E. coli genome. Strain H112180280. We do a quick & visual comparison with TY-2482

HPA (Health Public Agency http://www.hpa.org.uk/) has just announced the sequence of a E. coli strain. the strain H112180280.

They have sequenced the strain with 454 and they’ve released

• sff files
• FASTA file with the scaffolds
• The annotation (done by Anthony Underwood) in GenBank format

Data available here http://www.hpa-bioinformatics.org.uk/lgp/genomes

They got

• 13 scaffolds
• 5405081 bp
• 88748 Ns (1.64%)

When we saw the data, the genome in only 13 scaffolds… we couldn’t help aligning it with the other high-quality de novo assembly we have so far (the BGI version 2 of the TY-2482 strain)

How similar these two strains would be? 454 assembly could help scaffolding Illumina-IonTorrent contigs?

Here’s what we got after aligning both genomes using Mauve (http://gel.ahabs.wisc.edu/mauve/)

You can get the results of this Mauve analysis in the GitHub repository https://github.com/ehec-outbreak-crowdsourced/BGI-data-analysis/tree/master/strains/comparativeAnalysis/era7bioinformatics/Mauve_H112180280_TY2482

This quick analysis could give us some hints to reduce the number of contigs in both assemblies.

For example. Scaffolds 1, 2, 3 and 4 in the HPA assembly (the one above) could be merged in one contig (provided confirmation with PCR, Sanger sequence, etc).

And from the point of view of TY-2482 assembly, even more contigs could be merged. See for instance the similarity region in green bottom left (red vertical lines indicate different contigs) . As well as the other similarity regions along the whole assembly (the pink, light green, turquoise and purple blocks)